Salmela Architect designs Electric Bungalow in Minnesota

American firm Salmela Architect has designed a solar-powered, urban infill house that is meant to demonstrate a new way forward for single-family housing.

The project, called Electric Bungalow, is located in Saint Paul, Minnesota. It was designed for Thomas Fisher, a longtime architecture professor at the University of Minnesota, and his wife, Claudia Wielgorecki.

Salmela Architect designed the project
Electric Bungalow is in Minnesota

The house sits near the university, in the St. Anthony Park neighbourhood.

The clients have lived in the area for two dozen years. After purchasing a new property near their original home, they contacted Salmela Architect – based in Duluth, Minnesota – to design a sustainable dwelling that embraced the local context.

The project is intended as a toolkit which can be replicated
The house is intended as a design toolkit

“They envisioned a new home that could serve as a prototype for building environmentally friendly, self-powered infill housing that was sensitive to the existing neighbourhood form within a relatively modest budget,” said the firm.

Electric Bungalow is meant to demonstrate a new way forward for single-family housing. Its toolkit of design strategies can be used on any site and be adapted to a variety of needs and tastes, the architects said.

Salmela designed Electric Bungalow in Minnesota
Protruding windows direct the eye upwards

“Our urban housing stock is energy inefficient and deteriorating,” the firm said. “This compact home addresses a handful of impending crises with optimism and exuberance.”

The project required the demolition of a rundown, single-storey bungalow that encompassed 700 square feet (65 square metres). It sat atop a concrete foundation wall measuring 20 feet in width (six metres).

Salmela Architect build multiple large windows into the facade
An open living space

The team opted to keep the foundation wall to reduce costs and to maintain the landscape.

“The foundation was reused, eliminating costly excavation and allowing the surrounding trees, landscape and neighbourly relationships to remain intact,” the architects said.

Salmela designed Electric Bungalow in Minnesota for an architecture professor
Large windows define the building

Atop this foundation rose a new, multi-story structure with a rectangular plan and an asymmetrical, gabled roof. The new building totals 1,452 square feet (135 square metres).

Exterior walls are clad in grey-toned panels made of corrugated and standing-seam metal – materials chosen for their affordability and durability.

Electric Bungalow has pops of colour inside
High ceilings feature in Electric Bungalow

Facades are dotted with windows of varying sizes, which are arranged in a way that directs the eye upward.

“Whenever possible, the clients wanted to direct views toward the sky and mature tree canopy rather than into neighbouring living spaces, creating an almost cabin-like experience in the city,” the team said.

Salmela Architect incorporated big and small windows into the house
Views from the windows focus on the tree canopy

The windows slightly project outward, which in turn creates a bit more space inside.

Large apertures accommodate window seats, while smaller ones have sills that double as counters or shelf space. A double-wide dormer window played a key role in creating a…

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